how do i clean my mosin nagant


December 5, 2008, 01:26 AM
i been having a freind of mine clean it after the 3 times me and him went shooting and now he has to move in with grandparents in california since his home got forclosed so i ask this

how do i clean my nagant. i use mostly surplus bulgarian and czech surplus ammo and the bulgarian actually shoots better than the few remington bullets i had in that type. i dont know thte first thing about gun cleaning but i am a god when it comes to gun safty.(the best gun safty is an unloaded gun where todlers cant get ahold of the bullets takeing the bolt out helps too) i dont know what exacly to do although i have seen a few youtube vids on the subject but its the corosive stuff that has me asking questions.would you guys help point me in the right direction.

please and thankyou

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December 5, 2008, 01:41 AM
First of all, do you have a cleaning kit?

December 5, 2008, 01:50 AM
Wipe the dust and dirt off the outside with a cloth sprayed with a light oil. Rem Oil, WD40, etc, they almost all work just fine. Take the bolt out, check to see that there is no crud in the firing pin hole and then lightly oil and wipe the bolt. Use a bore brush for the bore of the gun, you might swab the barrel with windex or amonia because you are probably using ammo with corrosive primers, then use the bore brush then swab the barrel again with an oily swab (patch). Do this last operation several times until the patch is clean after it has been through the barrel. Use a 20 ga shotgun wire brush(bronze is best but any will work) in the chamber and then an oily swab. That should do it.

December 5, 2008, 01:53 AM
Q. How do you clean after shooting corrosive ammo?
A. There are several methods, but the simplest is to use Hoppe's #9 which is formulated for corrosive ammo. Some shooters prefer a 50/50 mixture of water and ammonia to swab out the bore and wipe down the bolt face and then clean as normal. Don't leave the ammonia solution in the bore and don't get it on the wood. More isn't better. Windex with ammonia can be used also. If you're shooting with a fixed bayonet, wipe it down also and then clean it with your regular cleaner. Regardless of the type of cleaner it is important to clean as soon after shooting as practical. A light film of oil in the bore and on the exposed metal will help prevent rust.

Found this on

December 5, 2008, 02:08 AM
I recommend a .30-caliber boresnake. Put a bit of Hoppes #9 on the head section and run it through, dipping it again in solvent after each pass. 4 passes, plus a quick chamber cleanout with a shotgun patch on your cleaning rod, and you're done with the bore.

As for the bolt and firing pin, I recommend disassembling the bolt to the point of removing the bolt head, and dipping the whole bolt head and firing pin head in the solvent, then wiping them down.

Dissasembling the bolt isn't as scary as you've heard about, and you won't be disassembling it all the way. Basically all you need to do is pull the cocking knob back and rotate it counterclockwise. Pretty much the whole thing will come undone after that. The fun part is getting it back together. I like to do that by pushing on the connecting bar to rotate the assembly back to the cocked position. That's the best way to do it without the whole thing coming apart again.

Note that depending on the strength of your firing pin spring, these instructions could become more difficult by an order of magnitude. Mine is fairly easy to do, although I do have strong hands.

December 5, 2008, 02:15 AM
When using surplus ammo, I've cleaned with nothing but hot water.
I made the mistake of letting my M44 sit for a week after shooting it. I ran a brush through the bore and a big orange cloud came out.

I just pour several cups of hot water down the bore and any other parts that may have been exposed to the gases. If you use enough water, it will heat the metal up enough that it will evaporate the remaining water, so little to no drying with a rag is needed. Then go about the normal cleaning process.

Kind of Blued
December 5, 2008, 04:21 AM
I usually just buy another one... :p

December 5, 2008, 04:37 AM
usually just buy another one...

Too kind.

December 5, 2008, 08:55 AM
Tip for you..
I don't know how you transport your M44 to the range, ours each have rifle bags. In the bag is a small plastic bottle that has windex in it. I took a short length of aluminum cleaning rod and drilled and tapped the end opposite the screw end for the cleaning jag. Now this 6 inch extension screws into the M44's cleaning rod.
So, after we are done shooting, unscrew the cleaning rod, and screw on this short extension. On the end I keep a clean patch, so I squirt this patch with the windex and push it down the muzzle end with the bolt removed and the butt on the ground. Pull it straight out, and it will be pretty black from all the crossive powder.

Once we get home we go through a normal clean which wipes everything down and runs the bore snake through the barrel.

That's our routine..


December 5, 2008, 04:56 PM
ok i got it clean hows about some cheap non corosive ammo for hunting so i dont have to clean it as much remington cost about 20 bucks for 20 rounds i want to spend 10 or 15 for 20 rounds

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