H. R. 3807 -- Veterans' Heritage Firearms Act of 2004


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dischord
February 14, 2004, 02:53 PM
Veterans' Heritage Firearms Act of 2004 (Introduced in House)

HR 3807 IH

108th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 3807
To provide an amnesty period during which veterans and their family members can register certain firearms in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 11, 2004

Mr. GIBBONS (for himself, Mr. CANNON, Mr. HUNTER, Mr. LEWIS of California, Mr. SESSIONS, Mr. TAYLOR of Mississippi, Mr. MOLLOHAN, Mr. CUNNINGHAM, Mrs. EMERSON, Mr. ISSA, Mr. OTTER, Mrs. MUSGRAVE, Mr. KING of Iowa, Mr. FEENEY, Mr. BURTON of Indiana, Mr. HALL, Mr. DOOLITTLE, Mr. BARRETT of South Carolina, Mr. CALVERT, Mr. BACHUS, Mr. BOOZMAN, Mr. BISHOP of Utah, Mr. CRANE, Mr. BARTLETT of Maryland, Mr. DUNCAN, Mr. FRANKS of Arizona, Mr. HOSTETTLER, Mr. DEMINT, Mr. HERGER, Mr. JONES of North Carolina, Mr. PENCE, Mr. LEWIS of Kentucky, Mr. WILSON of South Carolina, Mr. AKIN, Mr. WHITFIELD, Mr. PEARCE, Mr. CULBERSON, Mr. BAKER, Mr. PETERSON of Minnesota, Mr. TERRY, Mr. SCHROCK, Mr. SHIMKUS, Mr. TIBERI, Mr. GOODE, Mr. MCCOTTER, Mr. SIMPSON, Mr. TANCREDO, Mr. KENNEDY of Minnesota, Mr. ROGERS of Alabama, Mr. HEFLEY, Mr. MILLER of Florida, Mr. MANZULLO, and Mr. SHUSTER) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned



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A BILL
To provide an amnesty period during which veterans and their family members can register certain firearms in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record, and for other purposes.


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the `Veterans' Heritage Firearms Act of 2004'.

SEC. 2. AMNESTY PERIOD FOR VETERANS TO REGISTER QUALIFYING FIREARMS.

(a) Registration- Subject to such regulations as the Attorney General may prescribe, the applicable veteran or a member of such a veteran's family, who owns and possesses a qualifying firearm, may register such firearm in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record (described in section 5841 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) during the amnesty period.

(b) Qualifying Firearm-

(1) In general- For purposes of this section, the term `qualifying firearm' means any firearm which was acquired--

(A) before October 31, 1968; and

(B) by a veteran, while such veteran was a member of the Armed Forces and was stationed outside the continental United States.

(2) Presumption of validity- With respect to any firearm, in the absence of clear and convincing evidence to the contrary the Attorney General shall accept as true and accurate any affidavit, document, or other evidence submitted by an individual to establish that such firearm meets the requirements of paragraph (1).

(c) Hearings- If the Attorney General determines that any individual may not register a firearm under subsection (a) during the amnesty period, the Attorney General, upon the request of such individual, shall--

(1) provide such individual any evidence on which the Attorney General's decision is based; and

(2) promptly hold a hearing to review such determination.

(d) Limited Immunity-

(1) CRIMINAL LIABILITY UNDER TITLE 18- Any individual who registers a firearm under subsection (a)--

(A) shall be treated, for purposes of subsections (a)(3), (o), (v), and (w) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, as having lawfully acquired and possessed the firearm before the date of the enactment of chapter 44 of such title and each of such chapter's provisions; and

(B) shall not be liable under chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, for any violation of such chapter which--

(i) is based solely on such individual's ownership, possession, transportation, importation, or alteration of such firearm; and

(ii) occurred before or concurrent with such registration.

(2) Criminal liability under internal revenue code- Except as provided in paragraph (3), any individual who registers a firearm under subsection (a) shall not be liable under chapter 53 or 75 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for any violation of such chapters which relates to such firearm and which occurred before or concurrent with such registration.

(3) Transfer tax liability- Paragraph (2) shall not affect the liability of any individual for any transfer tax imposed under section 5811 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

(4) Attempts to register- In the case of an applicable veteran or a member of such a veteran's family who attempts to register a qualifying firearm in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record at a time other than during the amnesty period, paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) shall apply with respect to such individual if such individual surrenders such firearm to a law enforcement agency not later than 30 days after notification by the Attorney General of potential criminal liability for continued possession of the firearm.

(e) Forfeiture- Any firearm registered under subsection (a) shall not be subject to seizure or forfeiture under chapter 53 or 75 of the Internal Revenue Code or chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, for any violation of such chapters which relates to such firearm and which occurred before or concurrent with such registration.

(f) Notice; Forms; Mailbox Rule-

(1) Notice of amnesty period- The Attorney General shall provide clear printed notices providing information regarding the amnesty period and registering a firearm during such period. To the extent feasible, the Attorney General shall ensure that such notices are posted in post offices, law enforcement buildings, buildings of the Department of Veterans Affairs, and in the businesses of licensed firearms dealers.

(2) Forms- The Attorney General shall make available any forms necessary for registering a firearm in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record. To the extent feasible, the Attorney General shall make such forms available in the locations referred to in paragraph (1) and through the website for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.

(3) Mailbox rule- For purposes of this section, the Attorney General shall treat any form that is postmarked during the amnesty period as received during the amnesty period.

(g) Definitions- For purposes of this section:

(1) Amnesty period- The term `amnesty period' means the 90-day period beginning on the date that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(2) Firearm- The term `firearm' has the meaning given such term in section 5845 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, except that such term does not include--

(A) any device described in subsection (f)(1) of such section; or

(B) any combination of parts--

(i) designed or intended for use in converting any device into a device described in subparagraph (A); or

(ii) from which a device described in subparagraph (A) may be readily assembled.

(3) Applicable veteran- With respect to any firearm, the term `applicable veteran' means the veteran described in subsection (b)(1)(B).

(4) Veteran- The term `veteran' has the meaning given such term in section 101(2) of title 38, United States Code.

(5) Family- The term `family' means, with respect to a veteran, the grandparents of such veteran, the grandparents of such veteran's spouse, the lineal descendants of such grandparents, and any spouse of such a lineal descendant. A spouse of an individual who is legally separated from such individual under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance shall be treated as such individual's spouse for purposes of this paragraph. Individuals related by the half blood or by legal adoption shall be treated as if they were related by the whole blood for purposes of this paragraph.

(6) Continental united states- The term `continental United States' means the several States and the District of Columbia, but does not include Alaska or Hawaii.

SEC. 3. TRANSFER OF FIREARMS TO MUSEUMS.

(a) Transfer of Forfeited Firearms to Museums-

(1) In general- The Attorney General shall transfer each firearm which has been forfeited to the United States to the first qualified museum that submits a request for such firearm in such form and manner as the Attorney General may specify.

(2) Destruction of forfeited firearms prohibited- The Attorney General shall not destroy any firearm which has been forfeited to the United States until the end of the 5-year period beginning on the date of such forfeiture.

(3) Catalogue of firearms- With respect to each firearm which is available to be transferred to a museum under paragraph (1), the Attorney General shall, not later than 60 days after the forfeiture of such firearm, publish information which identifies such firearm (including a picture) on the web page of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. Such information shall be available to the public without cost and without restriction.

(4) Registration of firearms- Any firearm transferred under paragraph (1) to a qualified museum shall be registered to the transferee in the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record (described in section 5841 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986).

(5) Firearm- For purposes of this subsection, the term `firearm' means any firearm (as defined in section 2(g)(2)) which is treated as a curio or relic under chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code.

(6) Qualified museum- For purposes of this subsection, the term `qualified museum' means--

(A) any museum owned or operated by a unit of Federal, State, or local government; and

(B) any museum which--

(i) is open to the public;

(ii) is incorporated as not-for-profit corporation under applicable state law;

(iii) may possess a firearm in the collection of the museum under the laws of the State in which the collection of the museum is displayed;

(iv) holds a license under chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, as a collector of curios or relics; and

(v) certifies to the Attorney General that--

(I) the museum is not engaged in the trade or business of buying or selling firearms,

(II) with respect to the transfer of any firearm under paragraph (1), the museum is not requesting the transfer of such firearm for purpose of sale, and

(III) the museum shall, not later than 90 days after the date on which such museum ceases operations, file an application pursuant to chapter 53 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to transfer any machinegun transferred to the museum under paragraph (1) to an entity or person who may lawfully possess such machinegun under section 922(o) of title 18, United States Code, or abandon such machinegun to Federal, State, or local law enforcement authorities.

(b) Transfer of Machineguns to Museums- Section 922(o)(2) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in subparagraph (A), by striking `or' at the end;

(2) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); and

(3) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new subparagraph:

`(B) a transfer to or by, or possession by, a museum which is open to the public and incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation under applicable State law; or'.

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HBK
February 14, 2004, 03:30 PM
I didn't think we HAD a National Firearms Registry... :uhoh:

Third_Rail
February 14, 2004, 03:35 PM
I didn't think it was legal to have a registry like that! Geeze...

EDIT: Read it again, interesting idea IF it includes the full-auto weapons... my grandfather still has his firearms from WWII, it'd be nice for him to have them legally....

Langenator
February 14, 2004, 05:11 PM
I think that's exactly what this is intended for...vet bring-back weapons that were brought back prior to the 1968 GCA. This conceivably could even include AK-47s brought back in the early days of Vietnam.

And here's an evil thought: does the NRA's National Firearms Museam qualify as a museum under this law? How about, say, the Infantry Museum at Ft Benning? ("This AK-47 is of historical interest, because it was taken from a dead VC on the grounds of the US embassy in Saigon during the Tet offensive." :evil: )

Third_Rail
February 14, 2004, 05:32 PM
Yup, this will make lots of Tommyguns surface, I'd wager, along with full-auto BARs... This is definately a good move, it preserves history and the dignity of our veterans. :)

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