First Case of Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Pennsylvania Deer


October 11, 2012, 02:01 PM
Well this is some bad bad news.

First Case of Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Pennsylvania Deer
Adams County Captive Deer Tests Positive; No Evidence of Effect on Humans
Editor’s Note: Agriculture Secretary George Greig and other officials will hold a press conference to discuss Chronic Wasting Disease at 1 p.m. today, Thursday, Oct. 11, in the Capitol Media Center.

Harrisburg – The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture today confirmed the first positive case of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in the state on a deer farm in Adams County.

The disease is fatal in deer, elk and moose, but there is no evidence that CWD can be transmitted to humans, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and The World Health Organization.

The positive sample was taken from a white-tailed deer at 1491 New Chester Rd., New Oxford, and tested as part of Pennsylvania’s intensive CWD monitoring efforts. The sample tissue was tested at the Pennsylvania Veterinary Laboratory in Harrisburg and verified at the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa.

In addition to the Adams County location, the department has quarantined two farms directly associated with the positive deer at 6464 Jacks Hollow Rd., Williamsport, Lycoming County, and 61 Pickett Rd., Dover, York County. The quarantine prevents movement of animals on and off the premises.

“Pennsylvania has an aggressive Chronic Wasting Disease surveillance program and a strong response plan,” said Agriculture Secretary George Greig. “Steps are being taken to prevent further spread of this disease to the state’s captive and wild deer populations.”
An interagency CWD task force is in place to address the threat of the disease to Pennsylvania’s captive and wild deer, elk and moose populations. The task force includes representatives of the departments of Agriculture, Environmental Protection and Health, the Pennsylvania Game Commission and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

The task force will carry out the response plan, which includes education and outreach with public meetings and minimizing risk factors through continued surveillance, testing and management.

“To date CWD has not been found in Pennsylvania’s wild deer population,” said Pennsylvania Game Commission Executive Director Carl G. Roe. ”Concerns over CWD should not prevent anyone from enjoying deer hunting and consuming meat from healthy animals.”
Roe said that hunters should shoot only healthy-appearing animals, and take precautions like wearing rubber gloves when field-dressing their deer and wash thoroughly when finished.

“Though no human disease has been associated with CWD, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends people or other animals do not eat any part of an animal diagnosed with or showing signs of CWD,” said Acting Health Secretary Michael Wolf.

CWD attacks the brains of infected deer, elk and moose, producing small lesions that eventually result in death. It is transmitted by direct animal-to-animal contact through saliva, feces and urine.

Signs of the disease include weight loss, excessive salivation, increased drinking and urination, and abnormal behavior like stumbling, trembling and depression. Infected deer and elk may also allow unusually close approach by humans or natural predators. The disease is fatal and there is no known treatment or vaccine.

CWD was first discovered in Colorado captive mule deer in 1967, and has since been detected in 22 states and Canadian provinces, including Pennsylvania’s neighboring states of New York, West Virginia and Maryland. Pennsylvania is the 23rd state to find CWD in either a captive or wild population of deer and the 13th state to have it only in a captive deer herd.

Surveillance for CWD has been ongoing in Pennsylvania since 1998. The agriculture department coordinates a mandatory CWD monitoring program for more than 23,000 captive deer on 1,100 breeding farms, hobby farms and shooting preserves.

In addition, the Game Commission collects samples from hunter-harvested deer and elk and those that appear sick or behave abnormally. Since 1998, the commission has tested more than 38,000 free-ranging deer and elk for CWD and all have tested negative.

For more information from the departments of Agriculture and Health and the Pennsylvania Game Commission, visit:
• (click on the “Chronic Wasting Disease Information” button on the homepage),
• (click on “CWD Info”), and
• (click on “Diseases and Conditions”)

Media contacts:
Samantha Elliott Krepps, Agriculture, 717-787-5085
Aimee Tysarczyk, Health, 717-787-1783
Jerry Feaser, PGC, 717-705-6541

Read more:

If you enjoyed reading about "First Case of Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Pennsylvania Deer" here in archive, you'll LOVE our community. Come join today for the full version!
October 13, 2012, 12:42 PM
Dang I live in Franklin Co. A little to close to home.

October 13, 2012, 12:46 PM
It's very sad.

There's also some sort of disease that has been killing thousands of deer in Michigan, but I forgot what it's called. My brother said he's seen hundreds of dead deer along the rivers where he canoes.

October 13, 2012, 02:57 PM
^ in Ohio it's EHD

October 14, 2012, 12:41 PM
A few years ago CWD was discovered in southern Wisconsin. DNR claimed it came from infected game farm deer that got loose and spread it to wild deer. First there was confusion, then concern and then panic. The state did it's damnedest to kill every deer in the southern third of the state in hopes that it would not spread. Put whole new sections in the regs book about it and how to process your deer safely. Legally taken deer from known CWD areas were not even supposed to be taken out of the county until processed. Folks were afraid to eat their venison because it's basically a form of "Mad Cow" disease. Food pantries with donated venison couldn't give it away. Deer were randomly tested by the state and there were places that would test your deer for a fee to make sure it was safe to eat. As more information was gleaned and intense studies done, things have calmed down. While there are still restrictions to baiting and feeding deer in known CWD areas, most now realize that venison properly handled(as it always should have been done) is perfectly safe to eat(unless you like the brain and bone marrow). It has also been accepted that CWD is here to stay and it is not going to kill off the whole population. The DNR suspects that CWD has been around longer than most think, and since the average age of deer has increased in the state due to QDM type practices, the incidence of sick deer has increased because deer tend to need to be three or four years old before they exhibit symptoms. Since the incubation period is thought to be a minimum of 16 months or more, when the average age of deer in Wisconsin was 2- 2 1/2 years old, relatively few animals lived long enough to exhibit symptoms. Most think the prion is passed thru saliva and other body fluids and maternal transmission may be a possibility. Large concentrations of animals in a small area and artificial feeding is believed to help the transmission of the disease, thus the banning of baiting and feeding of wild deer in many areas of Wisconsin.

If you enjoyed reading about "First Case of Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Pennsylvania Deer" here in archive, you'll LOVE our community. Come join today for the full version!