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410 effective range?

Discussion in 'Shotguns' started by Mokwepa, May 20, 2009.

  1. Mokwepa

    Mokwepa Well-Known Member


    I dont know too much about shotguns and only have a single shot 410 that i got from grandad. I loaded up some expanded 303 shells and she shoots pretty good. I want to take it and my dog out for some guinneafowl but what would the effective range be? and what size shot should i load for guinneas. I have a bunch of shot but im not sure how the sizes work. Could someone convert the recomended shot size to millimeters. What velocity should i load up to with the recomended shot, i have a crono.
  2. 6x6pinz

    6x6pinz Well-Known Member

    I would load up #6 or possibly #4 at 1330fps and keep the shots under 60yds. assuming a full choke.
    Shot size information and conversion can be found here http://www.chuckhawks.com/shot_info.htm
  3. Bailey Boat

    Bailey Boat Well-Known Member

    Regardless of the choke a .410 is a 30-35 yard gun at best. The patterns get too thin after that point for humanely killing a bird. 6x6 is correct on the shot sizes based on the fact that a Guinea is about the same size as our Pheasant.
  4. Virginian

    Virginian Well-Known Member

    60 yards with a .410 !!! WOW !
    I'd say 30 to 35 yards max, and that would have to be one with a full choke that I knew would put killing patterns on target at that range. The .410 is an experts gun for hunting game. #6 shot ought to get the job done.
  5. JohnBT

    JohnBT Well-Known Member

    I was going to say 25 yards, but I don't think I've ever tried shooting anything past 25 yards. At 35 I'm thinking 28 ga.

    We're talking about American #6 just to be clear; the English call our 6 a 5 for some reason. A table with both www.hallowellco.com/shot_size_chart.htm

  6. Bud Tugly

    Bud Tugly Well-Known Member

    How heavy a load can you fit into an expanded ,303 brass? I've shot lots of grouse and rabbits with a .410 and I prefer 3" shells with 11/16 oz of #6 or 7 1/2 shot.

    Like others have said, that load is deadly out to about 30-35 yards tops. If your loads are lighter than that then the range would be even less.

    If you're going to hunt seriously and ethically with a .410 you have to learn to discipline yourself not to take shots much longer than that. Best bet is to pattern your gun at various distances and loads and stay within the zone where the pattern is still reasonably dense.
  7. pps

    pps Well-Known Member

    About 30 yards is about as good as I've seen from 410

    Perfect for tiny little varmints and vermin.
  8. MCgunner

    MCgunner Well-Known Member

    The .410s I've owned had a choice of choke, so long as that choice was full. LOL 30-35 is about right. I did hit a teal once at 50 yards when I was a kid walking down the creek not far from our home. It few into the ground across the creek and I managed to get across the creek (a mud bog) to get at it. I hit it with one golden number six shot in the chest. LOL! More luck than skill, of course. Ain't a lot of shot in a .410 pattern. 28 gauge is a vast improvement if you like the sub-bores. Some folks I know are all into .410, though. I always here stories about .410 side by sides from guys at the gun club. Don't know if it's a cult thing locally or what. LOL! I'll keep my 20, though.
  9. pps

    pps Well-Known Member

    MC the 410 fills a niche (I'm sure a 20 or 28ga would do fine too) for a quiet, low/no recoil for tiny stuff like blackbirds, rabbits et al within that 20-30 yard range. I have quite a few neighbors within 100-200 yards and my little 410 fits the bill for that.

    For things like dove or quail, a 20ga might fit the bill more than my 12ga benelli. I end up using my Ithica because it's lighter than the Benelli. I may end up with a 20 or 28 for dove and quail.
  10. MCgunner

    MCgunner Well-Known Member

    The only .410 I currently own is a 10" contender, mega-fun barrel for just knocking around shooting black birds or I even jumped and took a rabbit with it last year. :D It ain't real quiet, though, LOL!

    I'd been using my 12 guage Winchester auto for years on doves and it does a fine job, I gotta admit. But, I got my 20 gauge side by side a couple of years ago and I've fallen in love with the thing for doves and even teal. It's very quick compared to the big 12 gauge auto or my pump 500 Mossberg. The down side of that is that you really have to concentrate on your swing and follow through. It's pretty whippy being so light and short. But, it's a whole lotta fun.

    .410 is good for small game, shot many a rabbit and squirrel with one when I was a kid, old JC Higgins (mossberg) pump. I shot my first doves with it, hunted with it for into my high school years when my grandpa gave me his 20 gauge 870. I normally hunted small game with my .22s, but I managed a lot more hits on running rabbits with the .410, of course. It was deadly on bunnies. Can't do anything the 20 gauge can't do, though, and 20 gauge ammo doesn't bankrupt the poor, either. LOL
  11. Bud Tugly

    Bud Tugly Well-Known Member

    The .410 is a niche shotgun. If you want one gun to do everything then a 12 or 20 are definitely much more versatile.

    IMO the ONLY hunting situation where the .410 shines is brush-busting in heavy cover. Light weight and quick pointing are huge pluses in those tight conditions and most .410's have those virtues over the larger gauges.

    It generally only takes 3-4 appropriately-sized pellet hits in the central body core to effectively kill most upland small game species, and the animal doesn't care what size pipe those pellets came from. Any gun and shooter that can consistently accomplish that will be successful regardless of gauge.
  12. MCgunner

    MCgunner Well-Known Member

    Even on those tight cover short range shots, if you're shooting a full choked .410, you'd better be well practiced with it. It's going to be a lot easier to make a hit with an I/C choked 20 and most .410s are full choked, all that I've ever picked up, because of the thin patterns they toss.

    Personally, in tight cover like that, short shots, I'd prefer my little 20 gauge Spartan hammerless coach gun or a light 28 gauge. But, if you can shoot it, you can take lots of game with a .410 and I think it made me a better shot as a kid since I had to learn to concentrate more if I were to come anywhere close to a dove with it, LOL.
  13. Bud Tugly

    Bud Tugly Well-Known Member

    MCgunner, I agree completely. Heavy brush is where a light coach gun will definitely be very effective, and might be my next purchase..

    My Rossi .410 has a fixed modified choke and shoots a very nice pattern at close ranges, so it works well for me.
  14. rcmodel

    rcmodel Member in memoriam

    Thats a real knee slapper ratch there!


    Even a full choke 12 ga with heavy field loads is not a 60 yard guinnea fowl gun.

  15. Mokwepa

    Mokwepa Well-Known Member

    I think ill stick to 30meters then get 5 closer. Ive shot a problem monkey at about 15m and it fell stone dead. Ill check the shot load capacity of a 303. Can you guys give me a break down in size ie: size 6 = 2mm etc. I have to sort out my shot but have no size to go by.
  16. rcmodel

    rcmodel Member in memoriam

  17. JImbothefiveth

    JImbothefiveth Well-Known Member

    If you're new to shotgunning, I wouldn't even shoot 25 yds, unless you can reliably hit one out that far.
  18. dagger dog

    dagger dog Well-Known Member

    The conversion list #6 shot as 2.71mm and will have 225 count to the ounce. # 7 1/2 shot is .100th inch which = 2.41 mm .
    Guinneas are quite large larger than most ringneck pheasant, I would think 6's to be the smallest in a .410 most likley 5-4's but then the shot count goes way down and head shots would be a must, I've never hunted guinneas but the ones I've had any dealings with show that they are plenty wary and 30 yds would be a long shot with the .410!
    Last edited: May 20, 2009
  19. MCgunner

    MCgunner Well-Known Member

    6s will work fine. Hell, if one number six in the chest can down a teal at 50 yards, it'll take a guinea at 30 and you'll have more hits at 30, no doubt. I used to duck hunt over deeks with lead number six back before steel shot got mandated. It worked quite well from a 20 guage 2 3/4", though 5s seemed to pattern better. I've taken more'n a few big ol' summer mallards (black or mottled ducks) with 'em.
  20. Mokwepa

    Mokwepa Well-Known Member

    Thanks guys. My brother has a corn farm down the road that literally has thousands of guinneas. I hunt warthog there very often and if i wait till sundown, they fly over the land and go to roost. If im patient, ill get very close shots. So close that ive been tempted to draw my snubby on them, but that would be dangerous. Im taking my dog on monday, going to use her to flush and see what happens. Thats if she remembers what to do.

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