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Broomhandle Mauser Help

Discussion in 'Firearms Research' started by Havok7416, Jan 4, 2013.

  1. Havok7416

    Havok7416 Well-Known Member

    My friend sent me a message earlier today regarding a C96 Broomhandle Mauser made in Germany in 1931. It is chambered in 9x19 and everything I have found says that this should be a "Red 9". The only problem is that it doesn't have a Red 9 anywhere on the grips (or anywhere else) and all Red 9s were supposed to have been made 1916-1918. All the numbers match on the pistol so I'm fairly confident it wasn't converted. Any input that can shed some light on this would be appreciated. It is being sold cheap and I intend to grab it if everything pans out.

    EDITED TO ADD: Serial number is 610793
    Last edited: Jan 4, 2013
  2. rcmodel

    rcmodel Member in memoriam

  3. Gordon

    Gordon Well-Known Member

    Most of them made that late are "Bolo" models with a smaller grip and shorter barrel. Not many Bolos had red 9 grips.
  4. Havok7416

    Havok7416 Well-Known Member

    Were ANY of the Bolos made in 9mm? I can't find any that were.
  5. Gordon

    Gordon Well-Known Member

    Mine is 9mm however it is a Mauser conversion remarked with a new barrel and Nazi proofs.
  6. Havok7416

    Havok7416 Well-Known Member

    I have since discovered that 9mm rounds will chamber in 7.63 guns. Without slugging the barrel I have no reliable way to tell what caliber this weapon is. I will have to pass on it.
  7. 4v50 Gary

    4v50 Gary Moderator Staff Member

    Measure the bore diameter with a caliper.

    During the War many 7.62 Mauser caliber Broomhandles were rifled out to 9 mm and the grips marked with the red "9". However, this does not apply to post-war Broomhandles. Charles Pate's book, The Broomhandle Pistol, 1896-1936 confirms this with illustrations.

    The serial number 610793 falls within the Late Postwar Bolo. According to Brethed and Schroder's book, System Mauser, it should have the following characteristics:

    BBL: 3.9" (Note: some post-war Mausers that are within the Bolo serial # range were made with longer 5.5" barrels)
    Sights: Late adjustable, marked either 50-500 meters or 50-1000 meters. Note: Pate states that all bolo framed pistols in the 29,000-40,000 serial number range have the 50-1000 meter adjustable sights (p124)
    Grips: Walnut with 22 groves
    Safety: late second type or universal
    Firing pin: late, two lug
    trigger: late
    Extractor: late
    Serial # range: 515091-793350. It should be found on the vertical flat, left side of chamber and on top of the rear grip strap. Note: Pate states that all bolo framed pistols in the 29,000-40,000 serial number range have the 50-1000 meter adjustable sights.
    Other markings: Standard chamber marking, repeated in the right center of rear frame panel; Mauser banner in the center of left rear frame barrel.
  8. Havok7416

    Havok7416 Well-Known Member

    Gary I appreciate all the information! Unfortunately I am 1,500 miles away from the C96 in question. I was relying on my friend who was there handling the gun. Since the gun is in 7.63 Mauser it is unlikely I will purchase it. I have far too many calibers on hand as it is.
  9. Jim K

    Jim K Well-Known Member

    Hi, Gary,

    I wonder about your source that pistols in 7.63 caliber were converted to 9mm and marked with the Red 9 "during the war" (WWI or WWII?). The Red 9's as far as I know were made by Mauser in 9mm Parabellum, not converted, and have sights calilbrated accordingly. I can't say that no 7.63 Mauser pistols were converted to 9mm P, but the only ones I know of done in any quantity were those Chinese imports a dozen or so years ago that were converted in the U.S. and supplied with fake Red 9 grips.

  10. Vaarok

    Vaarok Well-Known Member

    Tell the seller to put a projectile of .308 diameter in the muzzle. If it fits snug it's a 7.63, if it's very loose and rattles it's a 9mm. Simple.
  11. deadin

    deadin Well-Known Member

    It's my understanding that the "Red 9" Broomhandles were from a Prussian contract and were numbered in their own series. (And with unique rear sights as mentioned by Jim K) Any other 9 P's are later aftermarket conversions. There were some early commercial '96's chambered in a 9mm Mauser but that was something more like a 38 Super.
  12. Havok7416

    Havok7416 Well-Known Member

    This was done but with a 9mm round - from what I am told finding .308 caliber is quite hard. The 9mm did not fit as it was too big, proving that it was a 7.63.
  13. 4v50 Gary

    4v50 Gary Moderator Staff Member

    Jim K - my bad and I stand corrected. You are right. Thank you. I checked and found this on page 117 of Belford & Dunlap's, The Mauser Self-Loading Pistol:

    Pate on page 90 of The Broomhandle Pistol: 1896-1936 writes:

  14. Jim K

    Jim K Well-Known Member

    "Red Nine" German contract pistols were numbered in their own range, 1-150000, so 610xxx is certainly not a genuine Red Nine.

    As to "variations" in the grip mark being explained by it being dome by unit armorers, all I can say is that every genuine Red Nine I have seen had the same style, color, and size "9" and it was put on at the factory. Position did vary slightly, indicating that the grips mignt have been hand held rather than put in a fixture. They also had 50-1000 meter sight leaves and appropriate markings and serial numbers. Also, they are rough, not nearly as nicely polished and blued as we would normally expect from Mauser.

    But after the Chinese "invasion" when tens of thousands of Mausers were imported, many with terrible barrels, some importers bored out the barrels to 9mm or replaced them by cutting off the barrels, boring out the stubs and then soldering in 9mm barrels. Some put on fake Red Nine grips, most of which looked nothing like the originals. So the "armorers did the marking" story appeared to explain how those "genuine" Red Nines looked nothing like the ones in the books.

  15. Two Old Dogs

    Two Old Dogs Well-Known Member

    Let us not forget the 9mm Parabellum 1920 Reworks and the 1920 Luger Barreled Reworks which were products of the provisons of the Treaty of Versailles (i.e. barrels less than 4" and fixed sights). These pistols did not necessarily have the "Red" Nine grips.

    There are also some 9mm Parabellum variants of the Model 1930 that have been reported which did not have "Red" Nine grips (System Mauser by Breathed and Schroeder).
  16. Jim K

    Jim K Well-Known Member

    AFAIK, the 9mm Red Nine 1920 reworks were part of the original 150,000 Mausers made in 9mm Parabellum, cut down because, as you say, the C96 was specifically banned by the Allied control commission. (I have no idea why they considered what was even then an obsolescent pistol such a danger, but I guess it was a bit like the current "assault weapon" nonsense!) The two I have seen still had the original Red Nine grips.

    The book shows one with the Red Nine grips then says that 7.63mm guns were reworked. But the German army never issued the C96 in other than 9mm, though some may have been purchased by officers or individual soldiers. The Austrian army might have bought some, also.

    AFAIK, the "Luger barrel" pistol was never a factory or official product. I have never seen one outside that book and pictures copied from it. I think it was probably a "one-off" or at least a "very few off" job, maybe even a gunsmith job.

    As to Pate's comments on the reason for the Red Nine, I have to wonder about his assertion that there were a "large number" of C96 pistols in 7.63mm caliber in the German armed forces. That is almost certainly not correct; the Germans never adopted the C96 in 7.63 caliber, and no 7.63mm ammunition was issued. There might have been confusion if officers and soldiers knew of the Mauser and assumed any "broomhandle" was in 7.63mm, but even if they did, they would not have access to 7.63mm ammunition unless they were able to find a local gun store and buy it.

    Nor do I know what "results" would occur from firing 7.63 ammo in a 9mm Parabellum pistol, except that the gun wouldn't work and accuracy would have been somewhat lacking.

    Until I see some C96 pistols in 9mm with the proper sight, markings, and serial number range with the correct original grips and a "local armorer" Red Nine, I will continue to believe that those grips were marked at the factory, not crudely burned in by unit armorers or made from standard grips in someone's basement.

  17. Dr.Rob

    Dr.Rob Moderator Staff Member

    Mountains of 'substitute standard' handguns made it into WW1 armories, this could be one source of the story of 30 cal Mausers needing to be relined/bored and having the armorers alter the grips, clearly marked with an 'Arabesque' red 9.
  18. Two Old Dogs

    Two Old Dogs Well-Known Member

    Jim K: I have been watching 9mm Broomhandles on the various web auction and sale sites for about 2+ years and have seen at least 3 Luger barreled rework models offered that were not Chinese imports (i.e. no import marks).
  19. Jim K

    Jim K Well-Known Member

    Any indication of the source? A pistol rebarrelled like that in Germany and sold on the market would have to have commercial proof marks. If it were taken into military service it should have military markings of some kind.

    Of course, any rare gun is subject to fakery; if a ratty Mauser ($200) and a Luger barrel ($49) can be made to add up to a $2000 "rare pistol", I guarantee that someone will do the math and the macnine work.

  20. Two Old Dogs

    Two Old Dogs Well-Known Member

    No source information. I was looking for a Red Nine with stock and didn't pay too much attention except to note the Luger front sight on them and check my references to see what they were. The sellers did not advertise them a Luger Barreled Reworks.

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