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Would this still be NFA?

Discussion in 'NFA Firearms and Accessories' started by thegreatwrzesinski, May 6, 2010.

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  1. thegreatwrzesinski

    thegreatwrzesinski Active Member

    ok, I have been a browning m2 fan for a long time and now that I am going to have some extra money in my pocket I finally have the chance to build a mock up m2. I want to take a ruger 10/22 and mount it in a case that models an m2 machine gun. I want to have an electronic trigger button on the back that runs a servo and pulls the 10/22 trigger...I was wondering if I could build an arduino board that would safe the gun and let you push the trigger x number of times then after 10 seconds or so it would fire however many times you pulled the trigger. if anything were to happen where you would want to stop firing you would simply release the safety switch [let go of the handle] and the gun would safety.

    in case that was confusing let me bullet point it.

    instead of you pulling the trigger, you push a button and a computer pulls the trigger 10 seconds later.

    the computer will only pull the trigger the number of times that you push the button.

    letting go of the handle will safety the weapon [even if it is firing]

    Federal law defines a machine gun as "any weapon which shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger."

    You would have to function the trigger button each time you wanted the firearm to fire once...it would just be delayed...Is it still NFA or is this do-able?
  2. TacoMalo

    TacoMalo Well-Known Member

    Don't take my non-legal opinion for more than just a speculation on your question. I would think that you are still within the legal definition of a single trigger pull per shot, regardless of how many times you pushed the button each action of the trigger only releases one shot per pull and does not automatically chamber and fire multiple rounds per depression. Just my view/opinion. Sounds interesting, although I'd hate to find out which shade of gray you're on when it comes to federal law.
  3. Zak Smith

    Zak Smith Moderator Staff Member

    Everything is moot until you get a letter in writing from the ATF ruling on the specific case, and even then, it may not be 100% clear.
  4. thegreatwrzesinski

    thegreatwrzesinski Active Member

    ok...well how would one go about asking the atf if I could get away with this? Do I just shoot them an email like "Hey bureau of fun sucking, would this be illegal?" Could I get in trouble if I were to draw out plans to submit to the atf of this mechanism?
  5. Zak Smith

    Zak Smith Moderator Staff Member

    I suggest a clear, well-written letter addressed to the ATF tech branch.
  6. PTK

    PTK Well-Known Member

    Last time I heard of this, it fell under the spring loading opinion, that even delayed mechanical motion to fire more than one round would be illegal, as the "safety" would then count as the trigger to fire X rounds.

    FIVETWOSEVEN Well-Known Member

    I believe it would be defined as a machine gun, there was one gun which I forgot the name that its semi auto but when you pull the trigger and hold it down it still fires one round till you move the safety, then it becomes a full auto and is ruled as a machine gun.
  8. RyanM

    RyanM Well-Known Member

    I'd say that the

    portion of the definition is your gun's downfall. Open-bolt semi autos were banned because all it takes is a file to get full auto. In the case of your design, a quick firmware update and you've got a machine gun.
  9. Trebor

    Trebor Well-Known Member

    I very, very, much doubt this would pass ATF muster.

    And, if it did, and you built it, I wouldn't be surprised if they changed their mind after realizing what they'd approved.

    If nothing else, the whole system would be too easily "readily converted" to full auto. Just some electronic or software changes and for every button push you've programed it to fire 5 shots instead of one shot.
  10. Prince Yamato

    Prince Yamato Well-Known Member

    Ask the ATF. Be polite. You never know.
  11. thegreatwrzesinski

    thegreatwrzesinski Active Member

    ok, the chip would be read only, the only way to change it would be a hardware chip swap, but that would be the equivalent of installing a full auto sear on a rifle.

    [so couldn't technically all rifles be considered a machine gun? Since all you would need to do is install the new sear?]

    and the safety does not act as a trigger, if it is released it would cut power to the whole system and reset the count meaning you would have to depress the trigger button another x times to fire again. it is there in case you want to stop the computer from firing for any reason [loss of control, out of ammo, something bad happened etc etc etc...] pushing the safety only keeps the system on, the trigger button is the only thing that could start firing the weapon, but the safety can stop it [hence...safety]
  12. thegreatwrzesinski

    thegreatwrzesinski Active Member

    how does this sound for the proposal:

    Good Morning,

    I am a huge fan of the Browning M2 machine gun, and what I want to do is make a mock M2 out of a Ruger 10/22 inside a shroud to make it look like the M2 but fire .22 rimfire bullets.

    The part in question would be the trigger system. I would want to have the trigger of the Ruger 10/22 attached to an electric servo motor as to pull the trigger electronically. I would have the trigger [a push button wired to a microcontroller] programmed to delay the firing by 10 seconds. When the time expires the computer will pull the physical trigger [on the 10/22] however many times the electronic trigger was actuated [how many times you pushed the button]

    The safety would be a button switch directly wired to the battery [if the safety is not held down, there will be no power to the system, so nothing could fire] if the safety is released at any time for any reason, the system will lose power and shut down. If the safety is depressed once it has been released, the system will turn back on with a shot count of 0 until the electronic trigger is actuated again, starting the countdown over.

    Some further notes about the system:

    The safety could not fire a round, the safety simply keeps the system on.

    The microcontroller would only pull the mechanical trigger the number of times that the electronic trigger was actuated and only after the timer had expired.

    The microcontroller would be built with a “read only” chip, to prevent the system from doing anything that it was not designed to do [for example: in order to make the system fire full auto with the trigger pressed [like a machine gun] one would have to replace the entire microcontroller with a separately programmed one [the same process as installing a full auto sear into a rifle] which would be illegal because no such microcontroller is registered in the national firearms registry and a machine gun cannot legally be built using parts not in the registry.

    A schematic of the wiring is attached. [see: wiring.bmp]
  13. PTK

    PTK Well-Known Member

    Go for it. Don't hold high hopes. ;)
  14. Trebor

    Trebor Well-Known Member

    It takes more then just swapping out a sear to make a rifle full auto. (Unless you are talking about a RIAS, which is mechanically a kludge and not the "proper" way to make a rifle full-auto)

    I still think your plan, if all it requires is a chip swap is so "readily convertable" as to be denied by the ATF.

    The only way to know is write up a clear and detailed letter and send it to the ATF tech branch. Like I said though, don't be surprised if they approve it in the letter, but then rescind it when they see and realize what you've built. (See "Atkins Accelerator" for more info).
  15. jmorris

    jmorris Well-Known Member

    The ATF has ruled string and stocks as machineguns when put on semiautos but you might get lucky. FWIW the crank fire, cam type, devices are legal until you drive them with an electric motor.
  16. RyanM

    RyanM Well-Known Member

    That design is definitely a no go.

    Step 1, cut wires attached to the microcontroller.
    Step 2, splice them together.
  17. rcmodel

    rcmodel Member in memoriam

    Don't waste a postage stamp asking.

    It's a machinegun, or would be really easy.

    You have to know you are not the first person to dream up an electronic solenoid fired semi-auto.

    If it were legal, Bushmaster or Remington or somebody would already be selling them.

  18. pikid89

    pikid89 Well-Known Member

    maybe the safety issue would be clarified if you said it was homogenous to a grip safety on a 1911
  19. WardenWolf

    WardenWolf member

    Yes, it's a machine gun. The ATF has stated that any electric or electronic firing mechanism automatically makes it a machine gun because it would be a simple matter to make it fully automatic.
  20. PTK

    PTK Well-Known Member

    Not any. Has to be any electric or electronic firing mechanism on a firearm that is not manually operated. ;)
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