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Old July 31, 2014, 01:25 PM   #1
Krav
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CE phenolic walking stick diameter/pictures?

Hello,

I am interested in making a walking stick out of one of the composite fiber or glass materials (probably CE Phenolic rod). I am thinking about something between 1/2" and 1" and probably less than 4' in length (I am 6' 175lbs). My current walking stick is a ~1" diameter, 39" length of striped maple that weighs 12.5oz.

Example:
http://www.usplastic.com/catalog/ite...0884&catid=679

This rod would be 15.6oz if it were the same length as my current wooden stick and would concentrate force into much less area (probably would be over twice the density). So there is no question in my mind it would be a superior SD weapon to what I currently have.

I am considering the 3/4" rod for more heft, but feel that a 1" stick may become more conspicuous and burdensome when hiking (an over two pound stick!). They are also much more expensive.

Can anyone report on there experiences with smaller diameter non-wood walking sticks (with their weights/densities)? Does anyone have pictures of their non-wood walking sticks?

I have read the articles on this forum on micarta sticks and it seems that a user was interested in buying them in bulk.

I would consider a soft leather or paracord wrap for the top of the stick to add thickness and comfort.

As a PS: What do people think of the Blackswift sticks? They are a little too short for me, and expensive as well (especially for the fiberglass "Raven").

On that note, what do people think of fiberglass sticks for this purpose as they are far cheaper?

Thanks!
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Old July 31, 2014, 01:31 PM   #2
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http://www.thehighroad.org/showthread.php?t=756999
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Old July 31, 2014, 01:55 PM   #3
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Looks good. Would like to see some more pics and thoughts on diameter. That looks like it might have been about 1" or even bigger.
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Old July 31, 2014, 01:55 PM   #4
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Hso referenced my thread, 3/4 would be lighter than 1 inch and probably a better choice.

I think it would be an excellent choice for a walking stick. My cane is 38 inches and handles nicely. I have started training with it and can tell you it is different than wood but impressive in results.
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Old July 31, 2014, 02:01 PM   #5
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Thanks Bikerdoc. Hope you are on the mend! I am thinking that even 3/4" may be heavier than I want to go. The 1/2" is much cheaper and they have diameters between the two.

How would you say it is different than wood? Slower? Less rebound?

One of my priorities is having something that could defeat a determined pitbull or someone with a nervous system that is not sending the right pain signals (drugs, psychosis, adrenaline, etc) which would require true incapacitation of a body part... it sounds like your cane is capable of that!
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Old July 31, 2014, 02:13 PM   #6
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I like 1" for a cane. Yup, it's heavier, but (especially something dense like CE) it hits hard.
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Old July 31, 2014, 02:23 PM   #7
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Krav, why a Pitbull? They were bred to fight other animals, not attack humans. Why aren't you worried about breeds like the Doberman Pinscher, the Neapolitan Mastiff, and others that were actually bred to attack humans?
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Old July 31, 2014, 02:32 PM   #8
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Yeah nothing against pitbulls. I would hit ANY dog breed that was attacking me or another person in the right. Pitbulls are the most common breed that kills people according to the wikipedia page on fatal dog attacks in the US.

Do you guys think there is any chance a 1/2" thick CE rod would break in years of use? Seems like that wouldn't be a concern unless you were swinging for the fences against steel columns with the distal end. I imagine a 1/2" thick CE rod could take a parry from a baseball bat.

Last edited by Krav; July 31, 2014 at 03:04 PM.
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Old July 31, 2014, 05:38 PM   #9
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Krav ,
It is hard to descibe. It is heavier yet has an element of flow to it that is more substancial than wood.
Plexus thrust or knee, elbow, collarbone hit would be enough remedial social work to stop an agression.
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Old July 31, 2014, 06:05 PM   #10
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Sounds like I will just have to get one and work with it! I wonder about how brittle a 4' length would be, especially in the narrower diameters.

If I am ordering from that website I will probably get a fiberglass rod too, as they are very cheap, and do some comparisons. Based on their listed weights I came up with the following numbers in case anyone is interested.

These densities are in oz/foot of 1/2" rod stock: (based on their site)

Nylatron: 5.2
CE: 4.8
UHMWPE: 3.4
Fiberglass: 2.7

A 1" rod should be four times as heavy for the same length, so you can extrapolate from here.
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Old July 31, 2014, 09:00 PM   #11
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Something else to maybe consider.

http://www.cstsales.com/carbon_rods.html

http://www.mcmaster.com/#standard-plastic-rods/=t2yzrq

http://www.mcmaster.com/#standard-plastic-rods/=t2yzmw

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Old July 31, 2014, 10:15 PM   #12
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I had a 1 1/8" CE staff 74" long. It was over 4 pounds.

With a good bit of experience in my corner, for my style of fighting (stick is Kukishin Ryu, the most famous Japanese stick fighting school), thinner than 1" feels too thin for a hanbo (3') length. (I have a 1.1" rod that is on the edge of "too thin".) For longer staff work, 1 1/4" is the thickest that feels okay. 4-6' length, 1 1/8" feels best.


John
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Old July 31, 2014, 11:58 PM   #13
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Rcmodel,

Thanks for the links, that carbon fiber is at 2.1oz/foot using the same dimensions as above; less dense than even the fiberglass.

John,

I see the advantages of a heavier and longer stick if permissible, especially for someone like you who has developed the skeletal strength to wield it efficiently.

From all this input I think I will go with a 3/4" CE rod and a 1/2 fiberglass rod to play with.

Does anyone have pictures of finished sticks?
I wonder how hard it would be to put a lag screw in the top and add a ball (and some epoxy to double-secure it)

Seems like bikerdoc's cane was fairly similar to that idea.
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Old August 1, 2014, 09:54 AM   #14
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This is the "PAPER SHEET ROD GRADE XX NATURAL 1.125 OD". There are a couple of pictures of it in this article, where I mounted a target on it. I haven't babied it, but haven't gone out and pounded on wooden training weapons, wooden targets, and dead trees like I have with my canvas micarta tools. I have, however, broken a high impact plastic bokken, made of material similar to doc's cane.

I haven't done anything to the finish. This is borderline too slick for my fighting style. CE (canvas) texture is better, rough enough to "drift"/slide over the surface without sticking and causing friction burn, while not being so rough that you catch.

Yes, even my old instructor John Orth, who was especially known for his bo work, described my long staff as too heavy, but after working out with it every night for months, it became lighter. To put this into context, though, I could healthily lose five pounds of fat, and I still weigh under 150.


John
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Phenolic Linen.jpg (102.4 KB, 32 views)
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Old August 1, 2014, 12:02 PM   #15
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IIRC paper micarta has only about 25% of the cross grain impact strength of canvas micarta and only about 5% of G10.
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Old August 1, 2014, 01:59 PM   #16
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Perhaps, but I'd be hard pressed to break this 4' piece.

And I hit hard.
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Old August 1, 2014, 03:33 PM   #17
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I wonder how these composites stack up against other materials like fiberglass, carbon fiber, or UHMWPE in terms of cross grain impact strength?

G10 is more dense than CE, but not five times more dense, so if those numbers are correct then G10 might be the most resistant to impact for its density.

I began thinking about the ideal rod for doing structural damage to another mammal and I came up with these characteristics:

-highest density
-smallest diameter

But the asterisk would be that it would have to:

-flex as little as possible, and
-not break
-would not be so light or heavy that it is bio-mechanically inefficient.

This assumes that there is a sweet spot of bio-mechanic efficiency. If the rod is too heavy then the person will not be able to get adequate velocity, if it is too light they will not be able to get adequate velocity, but in between there will be a linear relationship between mass and velocity where a heavier stick is swung more slowly and a lighter stick is swung faster (momentum = MV). Once you hit that sweet spot, the most dense, smallest diameter stick that will not break or flex should be the ideal one.

So the ideal rod would be very dense but have impact resistance that can support a thin diameter rod. The actual diameter would depend on the individual, with stronger individuals being able to swing heavier rods.

I suspect that the other materials mentioned above may flex more than CE, giving them higher impact resistance but not transferring as much force through the target.

EDIT:
John: That image you posted... it looks like the phenolic rod is wrapped in something? Or is that just how XX looks? The canvas stuff I am used to (on my rat cutlery knives for instance) is textured, and looks more like the rod stock from the link that I initially posted (from the US plastics website). I am hoping it will have the "grain" and textured look...

EDIT2: So after going back and looking at these materials with the above theory in mind... that would make a G10 rod in 1/2" superior in every way to a CE rod in 3/4" (it is overall heavier, it has higher density, lower diameter, and higher impact resistance even with the thinner diameter).

But G10 (I think) is very smooth, so it would require texturing to the stick... and it looks ugly... a light green color instead of a wood looking color.

Last edited by Krav; August 1, 2014 at 03:58 PM.
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Old August 1, 2014, 04:31 PM   #18
Sam Cade
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Krav View Post

I began thinking about the ideal rod for doing structural damage to another mammal and I came up with these characteristics:

-highest density
-smallest diameter

But the asterisk would be that it would have to:

-flex as little as possible, and
-not break
-would not be so light or heavy that it is bio-mechanically inefficient.

This assumes that there is a sweet spot of bio-mechanic efficiency.
I believe that the optimized fighting stick is called a "sword".


Quote:
Originally Posted by Krav View Post
it looks like the phenolic rod is wrapped in something? Or is that just how XX looks?
"Natural" paper micarta looks pretty much just like wet cardboard with almost no "grain" to speak of since the layers are so thin.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Krav View Post
But G10 (I think) is very smooth, so it would require texturing to the stick... and it looks ugly... a light green color instead of a wood looking color.
G10 comes in many different colors and has a pleasing grain when the billet is machined to shape and the fiberglass layers are cut through. The green stuff (which I think looks pretty good) is the color of the undyed epoxy since the fiberglass substrate is essentially colorless.
Finished at low (36-80) grits it is very raspy in texture.
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Old August 1, 2014, 08:16 PM   #19
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That's just exactly how the XX micarta looks. As I said, slightly slicker than optimal.
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Old August 3, 2014, 04:17 PM   #20
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I am leaning toward a half inch G10 rod and learned that one can dye G10.

I had another question I though you guys might have some experience with... do you know which of these materials I could screw a hanger bolt into to add some kind of knob to the top? I am worried that g10 might split if it was only 1/2"... I have read that certain kinds of epoxy work very well with G10 as well. I would probably be adding a wooden ball.

By the way I got some better numbers and those density calculations based on that site's weights I posted are off. I found specific gravities and densities posted around the web which for these materials which are more accurate.
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Old August 4, 2014, 12:41 PM   #21
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See my previous -posts in a different thread here re: UltraHigh Molecular Weight Polyethelene 1 inch diameter rod as a cane. I have no lathe, so I had to hand cut and carve (6 hours manual labor) to finish. Used a brass Fritz handle. I've taken this as my new favorite. It is a bit heavier - but has very high compression and shear strength. When you press down hard on the grip, it does bend slightly - but when you're walking, its more like a shock absorber. Like the ColdSteel UHMW-PE canes (IrishBlackthorn, African Walking, etc.) - this can easily cut watermelons, break ice blocks (the brass handle will do a number on Anything it comes in connection with, as it is imbedded in 2.25 inches of the shaft and held tight with the 1.5 in. long brass collar), etc. See a picture, and URLs to order parts in that thread.

I have a beautiful Harvy brand carbon fiber cane - 8.8 oz. Strong compression, but low shear strength ... would shatter with a hard blow to anything. She nicks easily, so I keep clear nail polish to patch dings.

Krav, if you're sold on the G10, then use the brass collar and brass handles they sell - they come with a 2.5 " brass threaded insert that goes into the handle, drill a pilot hole just shy (or if you have a pipe threader, even better), twist it in, but add a bit of epoxy first, have the brass collar on BEFORE twisting the handle down. "Measure twice, cut once" applies here!

Last edited by craftsman; August 4, 2014 at 12:49 PM.
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Old August 5, 2014, 12:03 AM   #22
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Hey craftsman that was a really helpful post, I will definitely look into this... Where is this other post about the brass hardware? I did a quick search and didn't find it.

I am not necessarily sold on g10, but do to it's high density, sheer strength, and machinability I think it is what I will try out. In 1/2" it's not terribly expensive either.

EDIT: I actually may go with CE because the brass hardware and ferrules that I have found only go as small as 3/4".

3/4" of CE is cheaper and less heavy than G10 and is probably close to the properties of a 1/2" G10 rod.

Last edited by Krav; August 5, 2014 at 02:45 PM.
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Old August 5, 2014, 03:44 PM   #23
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Hey Krav brother, glad to see you on here also!

Good luck on the project.
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Old August 6, 2014, 05:22 PM   #24
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I'm getting old - can't find the photos I posted or the URLs ....
Here is the URL for the cane parts (tips, collars, you can order shafts and hadles to match or mix. http://www.walkingcaneco.com/walking...Cane-Parts.asp

I got my Fritz brass handle on Amazon, as I did with the UHMW-PE shaft

$13.02 http://www.amazon.com/Molecular-Weig...d+Rod%2C+black for the rod

$16.50 http://www.amazon.com/JWL-Walking-Ha.../dp/B0087LMK7A
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Old August 7, 2014, 11:21 PM   #25
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I ordered two 1" diameter CE (canvas micarta) phenolic rods today. I'll start a new thread when they arrive.
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