gander- Good question. This would depend on the situation and the nature of the call. I have spotted a number of people carrying in VA, but they have CCW so I don't bother with it if that is all I see (Printing). If you ever want a lesson in how to spot CCW, just hang out at the NRA range on a Saturday. A lot of what happens if the person refuses depends on the nature of the call, demeanor of the suspect, location (are they in a schoolyard full of kids, or alone in a hotel room), and mostly the determination of the officer as to what he feels is safe. If the guy is calm and not suspected of anything (as in if he is a witness), he would probably keep the gun. If he is a suspect and might get arrested, the gun is leaving whether he likes it or not. It is better to disarm someone that you think you are going to have to arrest before trying to cuff him because once somebody finds out that they are going to jail, the fight is on. As long as you can keep them calm and talking they are usually pretty easy going because the believe they can talk their way out of jail. This is the time to disarm, when everything is calm, not when they decide for a last ditch effort to escape and start fighting as you try to cuff them.