For lighter recoil and accurate target loads especially for short barrel pistols, I would recommend the use of W231/HP-38/Unique and faster burning powders using mid-to-high range load data.

I also shoot short barreled Glock 27 and I have used Bullseye, Clays, Titegroup, Promo/Red Dot, Greet Dot, W231/HP-38, Unique, Universal, HS-6, WSF and AutoComp for 40S&W and while Bullseye/Titegroup/Promo produced accurate loads, produced too snappy/violent recoil for me to be comfortable at high range load data while Unique and slower powders required the use of high-to-near max load data to produce optimal accuracy.

While W231/HP-38 may not produce the most accurate 40S&W loads, at mid-to-high range load data, produces a compromise of accurate, milder recoil and relatively clean burning target loads and meters very consistently in most powder measures (specifically Lee Pro Auto Disk).

I have shot 140/155/165/170/180 bullet weights in 40S&W and would suggest heavier 180 gr bullet with start-to-mid range W231/HP-38 for lightest recoil yet accurate target loads. Berry's/Rainier/X-Treme 180 gr plated bullets with 3.8-4.2 gr W231/HP-38 will produce lighter than 9mm yet very accurate loads.

BTW, I use WSF primarily for full-power 40S&W loads.