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Your military smallarms knowledge ...pass it on

Discussion in 'General Gun Discussions' started by telewinz, Jun 28, 2003.

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  1. telewinz

    telewinz Member

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    Create two questions WITH answers (correct please) that you feel a firearms "expert" should know to be worthy of that name. The question/answer should not require any research but should be in the realm of general military smallarms knowledge. No repeat or trick questions, assay style only please. Be fair and reasonable in your questions.

    1. The WW2 "sniper" version of the 1903 Springfield was called by what model number? Answer: The Remington 1903A4.

    2. Why did the US military chose the M1 carbine for mounting the early infrared sniper scope (M3 carbine)? Answer: Because the scope was so heavy and had such limited range, it was felt that only a light rifle would be useful.
     
  2. Hkmp5sd

    Hkmp5sd Member

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    1. Other than the Thompson and the M3/M3A1 (greasegun) submachineguns, what other US manufactured submachinegun was used by US forces in WWII? Answer: The Model 50 and Model 55 Reising submachinegun.

    2. What submachinegun was manufactured by the US during WWII, but was issued to other allied countries instead of being used by the US military? Answer: The "M42" UD (United Defense) submachinegun.
     
  3. BowStreetRunner

    BowStreetRunner Member

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    1. The British BREN gun of WW2 fame was designed mainly by technicians from which country?
    Czechoslovakia
    2. What caliber was the Brown Bess musket?
    .75 - although a smaller ball was usually used to speed loading
    BSR
     
  4. Gewehr98

    Gewehr98 Member

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    This could be fun!

    OK, here we go.

    1. Question: What was the battle zero range for the Rifle, U.S. Springfield Armory, Model 1903? Answer: 547 yards. Per the War Department manual TM9-1270. (Back when individual marksmanship meant something!)

    2. Question: Was there ever a .45 Short Colt cartridge, thereby justifying the description of .45 Long Colt? Answer: Depends on whose feathers you're trying to ruffle. But the stuff has been seen commercially labeled as such, and is offered here: http://www.fiocchiusa.com/specialty.htm :D
     
  5. Preacherman

    Preacherman Member

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    1. Describe the difference between a "clip" and a "magazine", and give an example of a weapon using each (e.g. Colt 1911 pistol using magazine, M1 Garand using clip).

    2. Describe the difference between "locked-breech" and "blow-back" operation in semi-automatic pistols.

    I won't post full-length answers, as I'm trying to keep the post short (and besides, THR members know the answers anyway): but it's surprising how many firearms "experts" can't answer these! :scrutiny:
     
  6. telewinz

    telewinz Member

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    You guys are doing outstanding!:cool:
     
  7. IAJack

    IAJack Member

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    OK

    Kinda a mixed bag, but here are the questions and answer list from my MIRC gun trivia program -The answers are after the astericks




    Listen my children and you shall hear Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,On the eighteenth of April, in what year? *1775

    Rifling was invented in 149_*1498

    Introduced by the French; it was a long narrow blade with a wooden plug handle and was simply dropped into the muzzle of the musket*bayonet

    In the reign of Queen Anne it was known as the "Queen's Arm" in Ireland *brown bess

    In 1795 this famous Armory was established?*Springfield Armory

    In this War, Washington DC was burned by British, and the Battle of New Orleans*1812

    This system of ignition was in common use before it was adopted for the service weapon. It was tested at Woolwich in 1843*percussion cap

    The self-expanding bullet was purchased and adopted by the British Government for the Enfield rifle in 1851and named the*minie Ball

    In the American Civil War, both these types of loading mechanisms was used? _____and_____*breech and muzzle

    In 1866 the Henry firearms Co. was merged into?*Winchester

    The Maxim machine gun was officially adopted in the army in 1887, what was it's nickname*the devils paintbrush

    In 1526 Mastro Bartolomeo _____of Gardone received 296 ducats as payment for 185 arquebus barrels sold to the Arsenal of Venice*Beretta

    Responsible for stating, "In my opinion, the M1 Rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised."*Gen George Patton

    This US Rifle was the first semiautomatic rifle to be the standard small arm of the US Military*Garand

    In 1961 an array of this designers machine guns was adopted in the Soviet Army*Kalashnikov

    First guns nickname to bear the Winchester name?*yellow boy
    Nickname of the M3 machinegun?*grease gun

    The Walker Colt was a massive 6 round piece, and could fire a very sizeable bullet with a heavy powder charge. What caliber was the pistol?*44

    In 1907, John Browning developed a semi-automatic pistol in a new .45 caliber, based on his earlier designs. It was adopted for use by the U.S. Armed Forces in what year?*1911

    How many rounds are contained in a standard Garand magazine?*8

    Who was the Armalite employee primarily responsible for the development of the M16?*Eugene Stoner

    The Henry Rifle, an early lever-action, got around the problem of cartriges going off in the magazine by using a particular type of .44 caliber cartridge. What was special about the cartridge?*rimfire

    Where are Glocks made?*Austria

    Who is credited for the development of the 44 Magnum?*Elmer Keith

    What shoulder angle are Ackley Improved rounds normally blown out to?*40

    What catridge is the new 300 Remington Ultra Magnum based on?*404 Jeffreys

    What new technology in barrel manufacturing has recently led to heavy barrel rifles being considerably lighter and also aids in cooling?*Carbon Fiber

    What round is the 338 Talbot based on?*50BMG

    What sniper rifle did 'Lone Wolf McQuade' use in the opening scene?*Steyr SSG

    What company will always be stuck with the moniker 'pre 64' for their older rifles also known as the 'rifleman's rifle'?*Winchester

    What material does Nosler use for the 'tip' of the Ballistic Tip?*Polymer
    What is Sweet's 7.62?*copper solvent

    What year did the first air powered gun appear?*1500

    One of the most popular air rifle companies today is "Daisy" but they didn't start out making BB Guns. What did Daisy first make?*windmills

    What is the most popular Daisy BB Gun?*Red Ryder

    Suppose you are walking through a used gun store. You read the tag on a rifle you like. The tag reads "Pre-64" "220 Swift". You buy the rifle. Who manufactured the rifle and what would you most likley hunt with it?*Winchester & varmints

    What case was the 220Swift developed from?* 6 MM Lee Navy

    This weapon was the only artillery piece not outlawed (for Germany) by the Versailles Treaty. Both Germany and Russia invested heavily in them.*rocket

    This howitzer mounted on the Sherman tank chassis was the best piece of self propelled artillery that the Western Allies had. Its nickname was the Priest, what was it's designation?*M7

    WWII The Russians used this gun for everything. It was a tank gun, artillery piece, and an anti-tank gun. What was the caliber of the gun?*76.2

    What is the name of the gun shop where Homer buys a gun?*Bloodbath and Beyond

    What year was the movie 'Dirty Harry' made?*1971

    What's the name of the town Clint drifts into in "High Plains Drifter?"*Lago

    Which ones of Josey's loved ones were murdered in "The Outlaw-Josey
    Wales?"Wife and Son

    What does the abbrv. BB in BB gun stand for?*ball bearing

    Who addressed the United Nations General Assembly with a gun in his belt?*Yasser Arafat

    This American Firearms Inventor invented a machine gun having a cluster of barrels that are fired in sequence as the cluster is rotated. Give the inventors first and last name?*Richard Gatling

    The first shot of the American Civil War was fired at Fort Sumpter, but where was the LAST shot of the Civil War fired?*Browsville Texas

    What product was onced billed as zero-proof hillbilly moonshine and featured a shotgun-toting mountaineer on the bottle?*Mountain Dew

    The National Rifle Association was formed in Britain in what year?*1871
    The National Rifle Association is based in what state?*Virginia

    What does the '00' indicate in James Bond's 007?*licence to kill

    Similar to the American Gatling Gun developed in 1860s. What was the name of the French machine gun that delivered 370 rounds per minute?*mitrailleuse

    Two types of ways a machinegun operates? _____&______ ____*open & closed bolt

    The recess at the end of the barrel?*crown

    BMG stands for?*Browning machine gun

    The markings on the end of a round are called?*headstamp

    What is the civillian name of the 5.56 round?*223 remington

    what Does the thumb safety on a 1911 lock?*Sear

    What does a Series 80 1911 have that a series 70 does not?*firing pin block

    What is the bullet diameter of the .303 british cartridge?*.311

    Who is the most prolific American firearms designer?*John Moses Browning
    What caliber is the M3 grease gun in?*.45ACP

    What pistol did sonny in Miami vice carry for the first season?*Bren Ten
     
  8. telewinz

    telewinz Member

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    What WW2 Soviet semiauto rifle was so popular with German troops that captured rifles were proofed, marked and re-issued to German troops?

    The SVT 36,38, and 40

    How did China get their first SKS's?

    From surrendering Japanese troops who had captured them from Soviet warehouses in 1945.
     
  9. Bainx

    Bainx member

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    Gee IAJack, you're smokin' us! Lots of great stuff there.:D

    Mine are simple:

    What were chief differences in the Mauser 98K and K98K rifles?
    The K98K had a turned-down bolt handle and shortened barrel.

    Which model Mosin Nagant had the attached bayonette?
    The M44.
     
  10. Mike Irwin

    Mike Irwin Member

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    Telewiz,

    Regarding the SKS, are you sure about that? To the best of my knowledge, NO SKS rifles were sent to the Japanese front. Plus, I'm not sure how the Japanese could have captured them from Soviet stores as again to the best of my knowledge the Japanese and Soviets never fought much more than border skirmishes, with no land changing hands, after Zhukov handed the Japanese their asses in Manchuria in 1939.





    OK, my two...

    The first metallic centerfire cartridge adopted by the US military?

    .44 Colt (used in conversion revolvers until the 1873 Peacemaker was adopted).




    The only two firearms, with distinctly different mechanisms, adopted by the United States at the same time and given the SAME nomenclature?

    The Model 1917 Smith & Wesson and Colt revolvers.
     
  11. bobs1066

    bobs1066 Member

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    During WW II, many traditionally non-firearms companies made rifles for the US Military. Rock-Ola is one example. Name a non-firearms company that made US military rifles in the Vietnam era. The Hydra-Matic division of General Motors made M16s.

    This is slightly out of the small-arms range. In the 1970's if you were walking along in a US Army base & heard a soldier say, "a rough and a rough, not enough; a rough and a smooth and you're in the groove". What was he talking about? He was checking the recoil mechanism of the main gun on an M60A1 tank. There was a dipstick sort of thing that stuck out to show how much fluid was in the system.
     
  12. bobs1066

    bobs1066 Member

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    IAJack, IIRC the original catch phrase in the Mountain Dew commercials was: "it'll tickle yor innards!"
     
  13. Hkmp5sd

    Hkmp5sd Member

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    I didn't know that. Good one!
     
  14. Stickjockey

    Stickjockey Member

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    How about:

    The Lee-Enfield No. 1 Mk. III rifle was also known as the SMLE. What does SMLE stand for?

    Short Magazine Lee Enfield

    What calibre is the german StG44 "Sturmgewehr"?

    7.92 kurz (short)
     
  15. JDSlack

    JDSlack Member

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    The bayonet is named after what city/arsenal in what country?

    Bayonne, France
     
  16. 556A2

    556A2 Member

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    What was the name of the single shot pistol air-dropped in Vietnam by the US to aid resistance? The 9mm Deer Gun

    What was the great feat the AK-47 did during relibility testing at Isvesek? They ran out of ammuntion without a single malfunction.
     
  17. Tamara

    Tamara Senior Member

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    What was the German type designation for captured M1 Carbines?

    Selbstladekarabiner 455(a)

    What was the German type designation for captured M1 Garands?

    Selbstladegewehr 251(a)

    What notable feat did the "Grand Old Lady of No-Man's Land", the Vickers Mk.I, accomplish during the Battle of the Somme?

    Ten guns shot one million rounds in twelve hours, using up one hundred barrels and gawd-knows-how-many gallons of water in the cooling jackets.
     
  18. Cosmoline

    Cosmoline Member

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    Q: What was the first smokeless powder cartridge used by a military force?

    A: 8x50R Lebel, introduced in 1886.

    Q: What innovation in 1905 shook the militaries of the world, and prompted a complete re-working of nearly every military rifle cartridge?

    A: The introduction of the flat-shooting, high-velocity "JS" loading of the 8x57 by Germany. It utilized a smaller, "spitzer" bullet radically different from the large, round-nose FMJ bullets in use prior to that time.

    Q: What small bore military rifle cartridge first revolutionized the world of big game hunting?

    A: The 8x50R Austro-Hungarian Mannlicher, used in the M-1888 straight pull, firing the Ball 1893 smokless powder load with a massive 244 gr RN FMJ bullet. The extremely high sectional density and (for the time) very high velocity of about 2,100 fps made this bullet a killer, used against big game until supplanted by more modern cartridges (and their lighter rifles) such as the 6.5 Mannlicher-Schoenauer and the 7x57 Mauser.
     
  19. Sunray

    Sunray Member

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    Ok, I'll bite. What is an "assay" answer? Assay usually has to do with determining the weight of a valuable commodity. As in assaying the weight of a gold nugget.
    An essay answer, on the other hand, has to do with a statement backed by proven, documentable, facts.
    Having said that, what General Officer was being considered to replace General Haig in WW I? Hint: It wasn't Pershing.
    I'll post the answer tomorrow.
     
  20. telewinz

    telewinz Member

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    Mike....

    I just read (2-days)about the Japanese surrendering SKS rifles to chinese troops from a history of the SKS. I have never read this before either, so I can't quote an additional source. The history stated the Japanese obtained their SKS's from captured Russian stores. I have heard several times that the SKS rifle did see limited use during WW2 but where that was is never mentioned.

    "The AK-47 was the prototype for many subsequent versions, and the Chinese manufactured SKS Type 56 rifle is a direct derivative of Kalashnikov's design. At the conclusion of World War II, the People's Republic of China inherited many of these Soviet weapons from the Japanese (The Japanese had seized them in Manchuria.)."

    essay, essay, essay, essay, essay, essay, essay, essay, essay,...sorri :)
     
  21. 4v50 Gary

    4v50 Gary Moderator Staff Member

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    OK, I'll play...

    1) Name the first American soldier to have a telescope equipped rifle?

    Charles Wilson Peale. More known for his painting portraits, Peale served first as a militia Lieutenant and later as a Captain during the Revolution. :eek: He had scientist David Rittenhouse equip a rifle with a telescope sight. Peale practiced until he could hit a sheet of paper at 100 yards with it. Unfortunately, Peale's memoirs did not indicate any use in battle.

    Name the father of the Confederate sharp shooter.

    Maj. Gen. Patrick Royanne Cleburne of Arkansas. After Shiloh, Cleburne reflected on the battle and came to the conclusion that an edge would be needed. He may have drawn upon his experience in the British Army (he rose to the rank of corporal but was busted after being caught substituting his equipment with a pillow in his knapsack :p ) or believed that most fighting during the Civil War would be behind fortification or entrenchment. He wanted a body of organized marksmen to provide a cutting edge to establish local superiority. Cleburne intially delegated the task of training the trainer to a subordinate but soon took matters into his own hand. His actions preceded the issuance of the 1862 Conf. Adj. Gen.'s instruction for the raising of sharpshooter battalions.

    Guys, all this stuph will be released in greater detail in a book I am preparing.
     
  22. Mike Irwin

    Mike Irwin Member

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    "the Chinese manufactured SKS Type 56 rifle is a direct derivative of Kalashnikov's design."

    Well, isn't that special...

    I think we can pretty much discount what that particular source has to say if it gets something this fundamental wrong.

    The Chinese made SKS in Chinese service is known as the Type 56 carbine.

    The Chinese made AK-47 in Chinese service is known as the Type 56 rifle.

    Other than the nomenclature, they ain't related.

    Sorry, Telewiz, I simply can't buy this article's claim that the Japanese captured SKS' from the Russians.
     
  23. telewinz

    telewinz Member

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    I have quoted the article but cannot prove its accuracy from personal experience. A preproduction run of SKS's were made for battle testing well before the end of WW2 and some were used in the Battle of Berlin. I cannot rule out the possibility of Japanese captures since it would make perfect sense to send SKS's for additional battlefield testing. The Soviets did engage Japanese troops after May 1945, what other battlefields were available to them for smallarms testing at that time?
     
  24. Hkmp5sd

    Hkmp5sd Member

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    The SKS...

    According to Rifles of the World by John Walter, a few hundred SKS43 carbines were sent to the Byelorussian Front in 1944 for evaluation. Mass production was ordered at that time, but the first guns did not appear until after the war had ended. Production of the SKS45 (the common SKS) began in 1946 as insurance against possible failure of the Kalashnikov design.

    China did make a SKS looking carbine that used the rotating bolt and gas system from the AK (and as a result, causes all kinds of confusion about Chinese SKSs). The first models, Type 63 (1963) and Type 68 (1969), were semiautomatic. In 1973, the Type 73 was introduced. It still looked like the SKS, but was select fire and could use AK-style magazines. In 1983, the Type 81 was released. It is the same as the Type 73, but with the addition of a 3-round burst.
     
  25. jsalcedo

    jsalcedo Member

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    Wasn't it Simonov who designed the SKS?
     
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