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What kind of powder to create "low recoil" load?

Discussion in 'Handloading and Reloading' started by matt35750, Aug 6, 2013.

  1. matt35750

    matt35750 Well-Known Member

    I want to reload shotgun shells to shoot like the "reduced recoil" loads. I called Remington who said they use a slower burning powder. So what kind of powder should I use?
  2. rcmodel

    rcmodel Member in memoriam

  3. rsrocket1

    rsrocket1 Well-Known Member

    Best low recoil loads for 12 ga shotshells is 3/4 oz of shot with appropriate wad and primer. I can't believe Remington said slower burning powder. For a lighter payload, you want a fast burning powder. Red Dot, Clays, Titewad, Extra Lite, Clay Dot are the powders that work well with light loads. They burn fast, get the pressures up quickly and will even work gas operated actions. I shoot 3/4 oz 12 gauge rounds in my Remington 1100 for skeet and 16 yard trap and break the clays as well as with 1-1/8 oz loads. I've had a few 150 shot days and feel no soreness in my shoulder with these rounds.

    Always follow the recipes to the "T" when loading shotshells.

    Look on Alliant or Hodgdon's website for 3/4 or 7/8 oz 12 gauge loads and see what powders wads and primer combination is available to you. Most components are pretty tough to find at this time.
  4. JO JO

    JO JO Well-Known Member

    I used red dot when I used to reload shot shells for
    Trap nice light loads 16yrd
  5. jstein650

    jstein650 Well-Known Member

    There are different dynamics that are realized by the shooter when it comes to velocity, charge weight, and payload weight that relate to 'felt recoil'. The weight of the powder is absolutely included in the formula that adds to the 'free recoil' impulse.
    Most all shotgunners go for a relatively light payload (shot), and the smallest possible charge to get the desired velocity. As such, the fast powders, Red Dot, etc., will give the least felt recoil at a reduced velocity, (~1100 fps), with a light payload (7/8 oz. in a 12). The biggest factor in this equation is the payload weight, followed closely by the velocity. I've heard some compelling arguments here that say a heavier bullet, in something like the 9mm with the required 'slow' powder will give a less apparent recoil impulse than a light bullet pushed fast. In a shotgun, the weight of the gun, in terms of inertia, overwhelms the weight and speed off the powder and its burn rate. In any case, since you're looking at 1100 to 1200+ fps, you need a fast powder for a light payload, and that means a relatively light load of fast powder. In other words, since you NEED a light payload, there is nothing to be gained by a slow powder to get it there, as it will only add to the mass of the ejecta, which will add to the recoil.
  6. oneounceload

    oneounceload member

    Low recoil is not always synonymous with low velocity, although velocity is a key component of recoil calculations

    I run 3/4oz reloads running 1200 fps (checked via a chrono), using Titewad powder, ClayBuster 3/4oz wads in Remington hulls with Fiocchi primers. Works great - even in my 3.5" Beretta A400.

    In that 7# gun, recoil is 12.3 ft-lbs.
    Make it a standard 8# target gun, and the recoil is 10.8

    Shoot the heaviest gun with the lightest and slowest load in a gun that FITS for the least amount of actual recoil and the least amount of perceived (aka kick) recoil

    Actual and perceived are NOT the same, which is where fit comes into play
    Last edited: Aug 6, 2013
  7. Kernel

    Kernel Well-Known Member


    Winner, winner, chicken dinner..
  8. jstein650

    jstein650 Well-Known Member

    Absolutely when it comes to fit. I had an old 20 ga. that kicked my a$$ every time I pulled the trigger, although it felt OK when I just shouldered it. I've had many 12 ga's shooting heavier loads that NEVER felt that sharp. It was an old Mossy with a full (though light) wood stock, and it always 'woke me up'. The OP was getting into powder types, so I kind of wanted to address that line of thinking..
  9. matt35750

    matt35750 Well-Known Member

    So if I wanted to make some low recoil 20 gauge 2-3/4" 3/4 oz #4 buckshot what kind of powder should I use and how much?

    PACKIN' PLASTIC Active Member

    You have to use data specific to your hulls and wads, most powder companies offer a limited amount of data online or else you can buy a loading manual to get more load options, BPI sells one specifically for buckshot.

    If you want extremely light you can load your shells with black powder and pretty much do you own thing in terms of how much powder and shot you use. You could for example put 70 grains (max) of powder and the same volume of shot (about an ounce) or you could use a 50gr measure or even a 30gr measure and they will all function as they should.

  11. TonyT

    TonyT Well-Known Member

    I use WAALite powder which was specifically formulated for light loads in 12 ga. Data on the Hodgdon website.
    In the past I have used Red Dot with various hulls and wads with 20 ga. fiber wad inserts to create light loads in 12 ga. with either 3/4 or 7/8 oz. payloads. A lot of experimentation and time on a patterning board is necessary to produce good low power reloads especially if one desires to use them in a semi auto shotgun.
  12. 45crittergitter

    45crittergitter Well-Known Member

    Federal recently announced their a new Top Gun Target Extra-Lite 12-gauge load with 7/8 oz. hard shot and Alliant Extra-Lite propellant for low recoil.
  13. 243winxb

    243winxb Well-Known Member

    Alliant "Unique" Powder.


    20 Gauge
    •2 3/4-in. Remington Plastic Shells (STS)
    •3/4 shot wt.
    •Rem 209P
    •CB 1075-20
    3/4 oz shot- 1,155 fps - Rem 209P primer- "Unique" powder-14.5 gr.- CB 1075-20 wad- 7,500 psi
    Last edited: Aug 11, 2013
  14. matt35750

    matt35750 Well-Known Member

    Are reloading formulas available for Alliant Extra-Lite propellant in 20 gauge?
  15. rsrocket1

    rsrocket1 Well-Known Member

    Extra Lite may be too fast for 20 gauge. Luckily for 20 gauge users, they can use slower powders so if you want to go to 3/4 oz in 20, you can use quite a few slower powders such as Green Dot, Unique, International, PB, 20/28.

    Here are some 3/4 oz loads using the CB -175-20

    Save the Extra Lite for 12 gauge.
  16. matt35750

    matt35750 Well-Known Member

    So is Extra Lite powder fast burning like red dot? What makes it "lite" then?
  17. 243winxb

    243winxb Well-Known Member

  18. 243winxb

    243winxb Well-Known Member

    Extra-Lite for 12ga.

    Ask the people that make it. http://www.alliantpowder.com/questions/default.aspx
  19. oneounceload

    oneounceload member

    You may or may not be able to use the 3/4 wad for buckshot, you might need to use the standard 7/8 to fit the pellets. If there is still a little room on the top so the crimp will come out too dished in, using a filler like a Cheerio, puffed rice, or similar works great and is biodegradable.
  20. matt35750

    matt35750 Well-Known Member

    I like the idea of using the green dot but will it burn clean enough in a light 20 gauge 3/4 oz load?

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