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.30-30 or 7.62x39?

Discussion in 'Rifle Country' started by BerettaNut92, May 26, 2003.

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  1. BerettaNut92

    BerettaNut92 Member

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    Knowing little about either round, what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
     
  2. sm

    sm member

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    Fed#76239B
    123 gr, MV 2300/V@100yds ,2030/EF#@ M, 1445/E@100yds, 1125/E @200 yds 860.

    Fed #3030A
    150 gr, MV2390/V@100 /EF# @ M 1900/ EF# @ 100yds ,1355/ EF# @ 200yds, 945.

    The 30-30 comes in the Marlin and Winchester configurations, lever actions, blue-wood and sooo classic.
    Many a deer have bowed down in its honor.
    Great out to 125-150 yds. avail in 125,150, 170 gr loadings (off top of head). Great for brush, close in shots. Carries well, a lot in a contained package (no mags). Depends on what the use is for. In rural USA everyone seems to have one, get ammo at the gas station, more PC.

    Limited esp on the 7.62x39,
    In your area the platform may not be allowed. Ammo in case lots is cheap, but again, legal in Kali? Use ?
     
  3. Sir Galahad

    Sir Galahad member

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    The advantage of the 7.62x39 is that it is a LOT cheaper than .30-30 and fairly similar ballisticly. Cheaper means more practice. More practice means more proficiency. To afford lots of practice with .30-30, you need to reload. Another advantage of 7.62x39 is the platform: AKM. Of course, you cannot cross that bridge til you cross the bridge over the Colorado River for good. You can find 7.62x39 so cheap, you can actually buy it by the case of 1,000 rounds. Try buying 1,000 rounds of new .30-30. It all depends on what you're going to do with it, too. If you're not going to hunt regularly, why do you need .30-30? For average fun shooting and citizen's homeland defense self-training, the 7.62x39 is perfect.
     
  4. Kaylee

    Kaylee Moderator

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    In your case Skunk, I think it comes down to one simple question...

    .. which do you fear more? A potential armed assailant, or the good citizens who'll crucify you for offing said assailant?

    Answer that question, and you've decided which weapon you want.

    -K
     
  5. six 4 sure

    six 4 sure Member

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    I'd have to agree cost of ammo is the biggest advantage. 1000 round cases of 7.62x39 can easily be found on the net for around $100. The best prices I've seen for 30-30 are around $10 for a box of 20. So basically you get five times the 7.62x39 ammo for the same price.

    I haven't checked lately, but last I remember a good lever action 30-30 costs about the same as a Sks or AK varient.

    For me my 30-30 was more accurate than my Mak 90 (not by much), but you loose the fun of emptying a 30rd clip.:)

    Six
     
  6. PATH

    PATH Member

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    7.62x39 is my choice. It is so cheap as opposed to the .30-.30.
    I don't own a .30=.30 so the choice is even easier for me.
     
  7. tex_n_cal

    tex_n_cal Member

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    The .30-30 is a reliable deer killer. Winchester and Marlin together have made millions of them. Not fancy, but they do the job nicely in the deer woods. With 170 grain bullets, they have also taken many a moose or bear.

    Unless you have one of those rare bolt actions or single shots, you have to use flat pointed bullets in the .30-30 with tubular magazine. Not to hard to find Contenders in .30-30, if you hanker for a pistol.

    Most of the Winchester or Marlin .30-30's are slim, handy rifles. The Winchester is the traditional choice. The Marlin is homlier, usually shoots better, and easily takes a scope. I want a Winchester, myself.:)

    The 7.62 is a interesting cartridge. One of these days I might acquire one of the bolt actions, crank it up, and see what the cartridge will really do. Of course, I could do the same thing with a single shot .30-30:D

    In states where it's legal, I always thought a 7.62 would be a good deer/turkey caliber - stuff a FMJ in the chamber when the birds come up, a softpoint for deer.:D
     
  8. sm

    sm member

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    tex...

    young lady friend has the handy rifle scoped in 30-30. I cannot remember a year she has NOT taken deer with it. Don't know the loading her daddy came up with, using pointed bullets. After the trigger job, this thing is sweet, accurate, DRT tool. Has a mount in her Jeep for it and ready to go.

    For "littler critters" (her words) daddy came up with an accelerator load, lighter bullet , she has a ball with the littler critters...
     
  9. tex_n_cal

    tex_n_cal Member

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    Dang I forgot Handi-rifles...certainly not uncommon. I was thinking Winchester and Ruger Single shots, which aren't too common in the caliber.

    You won't of course find any factory .30-30 ammo with pointy bullets - that is a handloading proposition only.
     
  10. sm

    sm member

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    Like I said her daddy came up with some handloads, with pointy bullets.

    But even with the flat nose , this thing is a hoot. Not your regular daddy's girl, plain Jane Jeep, Handy Rifle, oh, she is good with a Blackhawk in 44 also...sometimes to make it "sporting" she takes deer with it instead.

    Her new hubby...didn't really know what he married, she refused the new Benz...wants to take a Hunting trip instead:D
    She will allow him to put a new engine and trannie in the Jeep, though....150K mi on it.
     
  11. Ivanimal

    Ivanimal Member

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    I have and use both calibers, ballistically they are similar with the 30-30 winning out on both speed and accuuracy. No one is going to give you any grief for hunting with a 30 30 but take an AK, SKS or Mini 30 into the field and watch people give advice. :cuss:

    I like my mini 30 for game up to coyote. I reload using 308 caliber bullets, nosler makes a fine balistic tip in 125 grains.

    My 30 30 has been used on deer with great success and will be used on deer again. More deer have fallen to the 30 30 than any other round. Remember the 30 30 was the very first smokeless powder round.

    Aside from hunting a nice SKS would be a fun and inexpensive gun to have around, we can still buy them with fixed mags in California.
     
  12. BerettaNut92

    BerettaNut92 Member

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    It'll be a car gun. The 30-30 seems like it'll be slower to load even if the Marlin has more 'Reehaw' than the SKS...

    My M1A is on the fritz right now so I feel kind of empty without a rifle, and I can't afford (nor do I want) two.

    My only fear, as Kaylee says, is that the SKS won't be as PC.

    No need to hunt with either .30-30 or 7.62x39.
     
  13. Sir Galahad

    Sir Galahad member

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    I thought driving around with a firearm in your car was illegal in Cali unless you're going to or from the range or the gun shop. In some cases, they may consider loaded stripper clips as loaded mags and, hence, a "loaded" weapon in the car. Especially in an SUV where you cannot lock the weapon in the trunk. Life is soooo much easier in Arizona. Loaded gun in car is normal.
     
  14. michiganfan

    michiganfan Member

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    Got my Saiga 7.62 for new for about $170.
     
  15. tex_n_cal

    tex_n_cal Member

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    Seems to me there's a plethora of other choices, too, for rifles:

    1. SMLE enfields - holds ten shots in .303 British, which ain't no puffcake caliber. Quaintly tactical.

    2. Steyr Mountain rifles in .308 - also holds ten shots in the same caliber as your M1A. Greater versatility than an autoloader, as you may shoot Hornady Light mags in it. Black plastic tactical stock.

    3. M1 Garand - more umph than a .308. Classic tactical

    4. M1 carbine - cheaper to shoot than a Garand. Classic tactical.

    5. Savage 99 - .300 Savage is an old caliber, but still readily available. 150's at 2600 fps beats either the SKS or .30-30. can use pointed bullets, too. I've owned two, and they both will outshoot most bolt actions. Not even slightly tactical
     
  16. ShaiVong

    ShaiVong Member

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    I got to shoot my buddies little 30 carbine, its a neat gun. Hes had it since he was a kid (hes 28 now). Hes a great shot with it, and its a quick little mankiller. The thing jams up on just about every shot though:uhoh:
     
  17. sm

    sm member

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    Skunk, don't know about the reload , a # of rural Sheriff's use the lever actions.

    Others that have been to the various training facilites--chime in.

    Doesn't Clint Smith and others teach a carbine class with the lever action? Referred to in an issue of S.W.A.T ? Denny ?

    My "forgeter" is working better than memory .
     
  18. chaim

    chaim Member

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    As a non-hunter who owns both a Winchester 94 in 30-30 and a 7.62x39 SKS let me put in my .02.

    There are advantages to both, and they are cheap enough that you may as well get both. However, I do prefer the lever gun.

    I find lever guns to be amazingly fun. I enjoy shooting this more than any of my other guns (even more than my handguns). It may have something to do with my being such a history buff, but it just has a class and a connection to history that is hard to find in other firearms. It also has quite a bit of oomph in a very small and light package. It is far more handy than the SKS. It is easier to top off (you can easily load up the gun before it is empty at any time, not so easy on the SKS without manually locking back the bolt). It is also far less likely to raise eyebrows if you plan to keep it in your trunk (it looks less tactical).

    The SKS uses cheaper ammo. It provides for faster reloads from scratch (if you use stripper clips). The rate of fire is slightly faster.

    Ammo for the SKS if bought in bulk will run about $2 a box. The cheapest I've seen 30-30 (in the paper edition of the Natchez catalogue) was around $7, at local stores it is just under $10 for the cheaper stuff. If you don't plan ahead a little though the 7.62 isn't much cheaper since most Walmarts and sporting goods stores tend to stock the American made commercial stuff for 7.62x39 which runs about $8 a box.

    Either rifle will easily be powerful enough for self defense duties, however they aren't really suitable for such in most urban or suburban environments (significant overpenatration issues). However, you can get "tactical" and frangible loadings for the 7.62x39 (I know that Natchez carries several makes).

    Another option you may want to consider is a lever rifle in a revolver caliber (there are plenty in .44mag and .357mag). Cheaper than 30-30 and more ammo capacity, plenty of power for self defense purposes (especially out of a long gun), available in very compact and lightweight carbines (yet they look fairly PC), it can be used at indoor pistol ranges (the potential for more training/practice since it can come with you both at the rifle range and when you go to indoor ranges to practice with your pistols), and far less overpenatration than the rifle calibers (though more than the same calibers, which are known for overpenatration compared to other handgun calibers, in a handgun).

    I love my 30-30 and I would certainly do the lever gun in your situation. I find I shoot it more than the SKS (since I like the lever gun more), I shoot it better, it feels better, it is lighter, etc. However, I would probably go with the Winchester or Marlin .44mag first (then later get the 30-30 and SKS). If you want to be able to shoot cheap go w/ the .357mag since you can load it up with .38spls ($7 for 50 rounds isn't much worse then the $2-3 for 20 that 7.62x39 costs).
     
  19. Sir Galahad

    Sir Galahad member

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    In Southern Cali, I don't think it would make much difference if it was an SKS or a Sharps buffalo rifle. The cops aren't going to like a firearms being carted around unless you're going to the range or coming back. I could be wrong, but last I lived there, they didn't like it.
     
  20. tex_n_cal

    tex_n_cal Member

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    Chaim has some pretty good points:)

    If you get a .44 mag lever action - you're talking 1700 fps with 240 grain bullets, which will get any bad guy's undivided attention. You could also then justify a revolver thingy in same caliber. Or a Desert Eagle.

    Come to think of it, doesn't Rossi have a .454 casull lever action?:evil: Wonder how fast a .454 rifle will drive 300's?
     
  21. sm

    sm member

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    Have shot the .44 mag, nice gun and I liked it. I haven't shot the .357, but am told this is a true sleeper. Accurate, fun, hard hitting, minimal recoil.

    chaim, good points , thanks for sharing your experience.

    I still wonder though--Skunk, do you have CCW in Kali? Other than to and from range what is the law in regard to firearms in vehicle?

    I have both res and non re FL . I carry concealed, pretty flexible with firearms in vehicle, here. ( had about 60 various handguns, shotguns and rifles recently along for a ride, some even in the bed of the truck). :D
     
  22. SKS4success

    SKS4success Member

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    7.62 or 30 30

    I love my sks.It is very accurate and has always reliably cycled 30 rd clips. I have shot my brothers Marlin 30 30 as well and it is a very nice rifle. I personally like to aggressive styling that the folding synthetic stock and 30 rd clip give to the rifle. I use it for various hunting applications. The ammo is so inexpensive that I chose to shoot the rifle regularly with amazing accuracy at 100 yards +.

    thanks for the space

    pat
     
  23. priv8ter

    priv8ter Member

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    Hmmm

    Seems kind of like old skunk is taking the 5th...
     
  24. WonderNine

    WonderNine member

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    Skunk, in my honest opinion: BOTH

    The Winchester model 94 is a GREAT close quarters weapon. Hits hard and is fast, light and compact. Lighter and more compact (and intuitive) than an SKS paratrooper model even without any frills. The SKS is a good rifle too, especially the Yugo. That's the best buy for the money. An excellent condition used or new model 94 will cost alot more than a shooter grade Yugo SKS, but you'll get a much better and slightly more accurate firearm. The 30-30 is a more powerful round than the 7.62X39mm, but not by a whole lot.

    I prefer the Winchester Power Point Plus 150gr. cartridges for hunting and self defense. They push over 2,000 ft/lbs out of the Winchester model 94 barrel. They really pack a wallop close to the power of .308 in a Mini-14 sized gun. The 7.62X39mm ammo I like is Silver Bear 'effect'. This stuff is awesome and I believe it's over 1,400 ft/lbs in energy, maybe even around 1,450 and it's supposed to be military grade as far as I know and it's made in Russia largest ammo plant. Some has a nickel coating of the metal case, but most seems to have zinc coating, spelled as "Zink" on the box, so it's much nicer to your guns internals (especially the extractor) than normal steel cased (like the Wolf crap) and isn't laquered. The nice thing about the model 94 (tactically speaking) is that you can fire and keep it topped off because of the tubular magazine, while with the SKS when you fire ten rounds you're in trouble because you gotta see how fast you can load another ten round stripper clip into the mag in the dark unless you have some loose rounds handy, but then you run the risk (even more so than loading with stripper clips in the dark) of turning your thumb into jello if you manage to release the 'you know what' accidently as you're loading shells. Admittedly, this is not as hard as it sounds with practice, but when SHTF, I would go for the model 94 anytime.

    The SKS's trigger really leaves alot to be desired and the AK's (SAR-1) isn't any better unless you invest in a match grade trigger group for the SAR-1 in which case you're above the price of a decent model 94. That said, I still wouldn't mind a nice SAR-1 with some 30 round mags as an "Extra" SHTF rifle. The Yugo SKS is a great value as well. It's had flawless function over 400 rounds and no jams so far. I just sprayed a little Break Free CLP on the rails just to be nice to it. I cleaned the cosmo out really well, but other than that I haven't babied the unissued SKS. I would take any of the rifles mentioned, but would prefer the 94 as a home defense rifle with the edge (but not powerwise) perhaps going to the Yugo SKS (because of its high rate of fire) or Romanian SAR-1 AK clone against multiple home invasion style attackers. Personally though I'd still prefer the model 94 in such a situation because of the benefits mentioned above (intuitive handle, fast handling, light, accurate, keeping the tube mag topped off easily, better trigger, ect.) and the better overall quality of the firearm and ammo.

    Good (Silver Bear 'effect' or Cheetah) 7.62X39mm is MUCH MUCH cheaper than the best or even average 30-30 ammo. I pay $14 a box for 20 rounds of 30-30 150gr. Winchester Power Point Plus + shipping and only after I shop around.
     
    Last edited: Aug 18, 2003
  25. Master Blaster

    Master Blaster Member

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    Everyone keeps mentioning that you can top off the lever action, on my model 94 I don't see that is possible, It seems to me that you have to empty the tubular magazine, before you can insert additional rounds.

    When loading you need to keep a shell sticking halfway out and use the next one to follow behind, if the shell is pushed all the way in and the little door closes the spring and follower in the tube push the shell against the carrier, making it impossible to insert another. The model 94 I own does not have a shell latch like a 870 where you can top off the tubular magazine.

    Are Marlins different?
     
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