First, recoil....causes flinching. Noise is worse than a .22 or .38. It is natural to push the gun away when anticipating the shot; the shoulder rolls forward causing the muzzle to go down (check the lower baffles) Grip is all important to keeping the sights aligned during recoil. Generally a lower recoiling handgun is easier to learn the fundimentals on. USAF basic training used the M1 carbine, which was easy to qualify with. After my Combat Control assignment, the M3 wire stock was harder than the carbine, but not bad. The 1911 scared me to death, remember I had never shot a handgun til then. My instructor for the .45, was a past member of the USAF Pistol team, lucky for me. What he could do with a 1911 at 50 yds........[/QUOTE] My experience is not the same as yours. My sis wanted to learn to shoot, and we started with a .22 pistol for an hour or so. Then we went to the 1911, and she wanted one. After shooting 50 rounds of that, we went to a .40 Glock. one round and she was done with it. The recoil impulse of the .45 is more of a push, which she found tolerable, compared to the sharper snap of the.40. I talked her into believing that recoil is inevitable, she should just ride it without interference. She never did develop a flinch, and still shoots with me occasionally.